What do you know about Bogota, Colombia?
What do you need to know about Bogota Colombia? Here you will have an excellent summary of the city.
A short history of Bogota Colombia:
- Before conquest: Before the arrival of the Spanish into the region, the Muisca people lived on the plateau where modern-day Bogotá is located.
- Spanish conquest: The Muisca chief was called Bogota, he fought the Spanish for months, never accepting any of the conquerors offers to surrender. Bogotá was killed in battle by a Spanish crossbow and the conqueror Quesada, founded the city of Santa Fé in 1538.
- Beginning of Independence: On July 20, 1810, Colombians declared their independence by taking to the streets and demanding freedom, hence this date is celebrated as Colombia’s Independence Day.
- Actual independence: Bogotá was retaken by the Spanish after 5 years of war. when Simón Bolívar and Francisco de Paula Santander liberated the city following the decisive Battle of Boyacá.
- Bogotá is officially named Bogotá D.C. and it is the capital city of Colombia as well as the capital of the department of Cundinamarca.
- It is the largest and most populous city in the country, and the fourth largest city in South America, with more than seven million residents.
- The population of Bogotá is currently increasing at a rate close to 5% per year, mostly due to people coming from rural areas of Colombia. The city is constantly expanding in size to meet this influx of people. Currently, the urban area covers 384.3 km² and the more mountainous outlying regions extend 1,222.5 km².
Geography and climate
- Bogotá is located at an altitude of 2,640 m (8,660 ft) above sea level on the Cordillera Oriental of the Northern Andean Mountains.
- The city average temperature is 14°C (57 °F), varying from 9ºC (48°F) to 22ºC (71°F).
- Dry and rainy seasons alternate throughout the year. The driest months are December, January, February, and March; the rainiest are April, May, September, October, and November. June and July are usually rainy periods and August is sunny with high winds.
What to do?
- Gold Museum: It displays an extraordinary selection of its pre-Hispanic gold work collection – more than with 34,000 pre-Columbian gold items – the biggest in the world.
- Botero Museum: a collection donated by the Colombian painter and sculptor Fernando Botero, including 123 of his own works and others by Picasso, Monet, Renoir and the like.
- Jose Celestino Mutis Botanical Garden: It is a living museum where you can be at one with nature.
- Monserrate: It is 3,190m above sea level providing an unbelievable view of the city.
- A variety of fine restaurants can be found all over Bogotá including, those in the hot new restaurant district known as the Zona G, and those with a more edgy feel in the Bosque Izquierdo neighborhood.
- Romantic Usaquén, a small town swallowed up by the fashionable northern reaches of the city, has excellent restaurants, live music venues, and a Sunday flea market.
- Andrés Carne de Res in Chía (Calle 2, No. 11a-56, 57-1-863-7880), a restaurant in name but really a riotously decorated spectacle of art and music and eccentricity.
- The city has 41 different hopping malls, the most visited are Titan, Santa Fe and Unicentro.
- Sumapaz Paramo.
- “La chorrera” waterfall.
Bogotá houses the Festival Iberoamericano de Teatro, the biggest theater festival in the world every two years.
Bogotá is also known as “La Atenas Suramericana,” the South American Athens, given the locals’ penchant for education and manners.
The city also celebrates the Feria Internacional del Libro, one of the three main book fairs of the Spanish-speaking Americas
Bogotanos are particularly proud of their Spanish, known for the clarity of its diction.
The highest building in the city is the Colpatria Tower.
A crater on the moon is named after famous Bogota astronomer Julio Garavito.
The city has institutionalized a day without cars on the streets, called “El Día sin Carro” (The Day without Cars). It takes place every first Thursday of February.